My ancestors were Swiss Mennonites somewhere around the Zofingen area in Switzerland (on my Father's side). These ancestors were kicked out of Switzerland for being Mennonites (and not Calvinists) so they moved to The Netherlands and became Dutch Reformed. They reproduced in The Netherlands for awhile before coming to Albany, New York where they reproduced AGAIN. My ancestors were also French Huguenots (on my Mother's side). I share a common ancestor from the Ice Age with Thomas Jefferson. I was going to get more testing done on my DNA, but was told that since I'm so unusual (only 1 match with 25 markers in all these years) that it wasn't worth it because getting a read-out on the additional markers is only helpful if I can compare myself to other matches. The company that would have profited from the additional testing told me this.
The Reid Technique
Nine steps of interrogation
The Reid technique’s nine steps of interrogation are:
- Step 1 - Direct confrontation. Lead the suspect to understand that the evidence has led the police to the individual as a suspect. Offer the person an early opportunity to explain why the offense took place.
- Step 2 - Try to shift the blame away from the suspect to some other person or set of circumstances that prompted the suspect to commit the crime. That is, develop themes containing reasons that will justify or excuse the crime. Themes may be developed or changed to find one to which the accused is most responsive.
- Step 3 - Try to discourage the suspect from denying his or her guilt. Reid training video: “If you’ve let him talk and say the words ‘I didn’t do it’[…]the more difficult it is to get a confession.”
- Step 4 - At this point, the accused will often give a reason why he or she did not or could not commit the crime. Try to use this to move towards the confession.
- Step 5 - Reinforce sincerity to ensure that the suspect is receptive.
- Step 6 - The suspect will become quieter and listen. Move the theme discussion towards offering alternatives. If the suspect cries at this point, infer guilt.
- Step 7 - Pose the “alternative question”, giving two choices for what happened; one more socially acceptable than the other. The suspect is expected to choose the easier option but whichever alternative the suspect chooses, guilt is admitted. There is always a third option which is to maintain that they did not commit the crime.
- Step 8 - Lead the suspect to repeat the admission of guilt in front of witnesses and develop corroborating information to establish the validity of the confession.
- Step 9 - Document the suspect’s admission or confession and have him or her prepare a recorded statement (audio, video or written).
1 week ago
Thomas Jefferson, along with the other Founding Fathers, adhered to rather conventional 18th century political ideas, derived mainly from the works of Locke and Montesquieu. The Declaration of Independence, which is often cited in the media as a marvel of originality, is nothing but a trite paraphrase of the leading ideas in John Locke’s 1693 Concerning the True Original Extent and End of Civil Government. John Adams thought the DOI was hackneyed, and James Madison apologized for its plagiarism by saying that “The object was to assert, not to discover truths.”
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Most creative people are often odd or irritating, eccentric, damaged, difficult; that along with enormous creativity comes certain deficits in humanity or decency.
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